Cohen & Sinowski
Cohen & Sinowski

Georgia’s Dog Bite Laws: What You Need to Know as a Victim or Pet Owner

  • Published: May 9, 2023

Dog bites can result in serious physical and emotional injuries. Understanding Georgia’s dog bite laws is crucial for both victims seeking compensation and pet owners aiming to fulfill their legalDog Bite Injury Claims responsibilities. This blog post will cover the essentials of Georgia’s dog bite laws, the rights and responsibilities of pet owners and victims, and the legal remedies available to those affected by dog bites.

Georgia’s Dog Bite Statute

In Georgia, the “One Bite” rule states that a dog owner can be held liable for injuries caused by their dog if they knew or should have known that the dog was dangerous or prone to biting. A dog is considered “vicious” or “dangerous” if it has previously bitten someone or if it has displayed aggressive behavior. To establish a dog owner’s liability, it must be proven that they were negligent in restraining their dog, and that negligence directly led to the victim’s injuries.

III. Responsibilities of Dog Owners in Georgia

Owning a dog comes with a set of responsibilities to ensure the safety of both the pet and the people around it. In Georgia, dog owners must adhere to the following requirements:

Properly restrain and fence their dogs: Dog owners are obligated to keep their pets under control at all times. This includes using a leash when walking the dog and having a secure fence or enclosure on their property to prevent the pet from roaming freely. By doing so, they can minimize the risk of their dog causing harm to others or becoming involved in an unwanted situation.

Post clear warning signs on their property if they own a dangerous dog: If a dog is known to be dangerous or has a history of aggressive behavior, the owner must post visible warning signs on their property. These signs should alert visitors, neighbors, and passersby of the potential risk, allowing them to take necessary precautions when approaching the property.

Ensure their dogs’ vaccinations, especially rabies, are up-to-date: One of the key responsibilities of a dog owner is to maintain their pet’s health by keeping vaccinations current. This is particularly important for rabies, a deadly virus that can be transmitted to humans through bites. Staying up-to-date with vaccinations not only protects the dog but also helps safeguard public health. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian are essential to ensure all vaccines are administered as required.

Rights and Responsibilities of Dog Bite Victims

Dog bite incidents can be traumatic, and it is essential to know your rights and responsibilities as a victim in Georgia. Following these steps can help you protect yourself legally and medically:

Seek immediate medical attention: If you have been bitten by a dog, your first priority should be to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Even if the injury appears minor, it is important to have it assessed and treated by a healthcare professional to prevent infection and ensure proper documentation of the injury.

Report the incident to local authorities: To help prevent future incidents and track potentially dangerous dogs, you should report the dog bite to your local animal control agency or the police. This report will serve as an official record of the incident and can be valuable evidence if you decide to pursue legal action.

Document the incident: Gathering evidence is a crucial step in protecting your rights as a dog bite victim. Take photographs of your injuries, the dog involved, and the location where the bite occurred. If there were any witnesses, obtain their contact information and ask for written statements detailing what they saw. This documentation can be instrumental in building a strong case if you choose to file a claim.

Be aware of the statute of limitations: In Georgia, you have two years from the date of the dog bite incident to file a personal injury claim. It is essential to be cognizant of this time frame, as failing to file within the statute of limitations may result in losing your right to seek compensation for your injuries. Consulting with a knowledgeable personal injury attorney can help you navigate the legal process and ensure your claim is filed in a timely manner.

Potential Defenses for Dog Owners

In dog bite cases, the dog owner may attempt to argue that they are not liable for the victim’s injuries. Some common defenses that dog owners may use include:

Trespassing: If the dog bite victim was trespassing on the dog owner’s property at the time of the incident, the owner may argue that they should not be held responsible for the injuries sustained. In Georgia, property owners generally do not owe a duty of care to trespassers, which may relieve them of liability in some cases.

Provocation: Another defense that dog owners may use is that the victim provoked the dog by teasing, harassing, or hurting it. In such cases, the dog owner may argue that their dog was merely acting in self-defense and that the victim’s actions led to the incident. If it can be proven that the victim provoked the dog, the dog owner may be partially or entirely absolved of liability.

Victim’s negligence: Dog owners may also argue that the victim’s own negligence contributed to the incident. For instance, if the victim knowingly approached a dog that was displaying aggressive behavior or ignored clear warning signs posted on the owner’s property, the dog owner may assert that the victim’s carelessness played a role in causing the bite. In Georgia, if the victim is found to be more than 50% at fault for the incident, they may be barred from recovering any damages.

Understanding these potential defenses can help dog bite victims and their legal representatives better prepare for and counter such arguments in court.

Legal Remedies for Dog Bite Victims

Victims of dog bites may have various legal remedies available to them to help recover from the incident. One such remedy is seeking compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, and pain and suffering resulting from the dog bite. This compensation can help alleviate the financial burden of the injury and ensure that the victim receives the proper care they need. Additionally, dog bite victims may be able to file claims through the dog owner’s homeowner’s insurance policy, depending on the terms of the policy and the circumstances surrounding the incident. However, navigating these claims can be complex and may require the assistance of an expert legal representative. To ensure their rights are protected and to maximize the chances of a successful outcome, dog bite victims should consider retaining an experienced personal injury attorney who can provide guidance and support throughout the legal process.

Tips for Preventing Dog Bites

Preventing dog bites is a shared responsibility that involves both dog owners and the general public taking necessary precautions. For dog owners, this means providing proper training, socialization, and supervision of their pets. Ensuring that dogs are well-trained and familiar with various stimuli and situations can reduce the likelihood of aggressive behavior. Additionally, dog owners should always supervise their pets, especially when in public or around unfamiliar people, to ensure the safety of both their dog and others.

The general public also plays a crucial role in preventing dog bites by practicing safe behavior around dogs and recognizing warning signs of a potential attack. This includes giving dogs space, avoiding sudden movements or loud noises, and never approaching a dog without the owner’s permission. By understanding the body language of dogs, such as growling, baring teeth, or raised hackles, individuals can identify and avoid potentially dangerous situations. Through the combined efforts of dog owners and the general public, the incidence of dog bites can be significantly reduced, ensuring a safer environment for both humans and animals.

Understanding Georgia’s dog bite laws is essential for both pet owners and victims. If you or someone you know has been affected by a dog bite incident, contact the experienced personal injury attorneys at Cohen & Sinowski. Scott S. Cohen and Thomas C. Sinowski, II are dedicated to helping clients in Marietta, GA, and the surrounding areas.  Remember, there’s no fee unless they win your case. Don’t hesitate to reach out and let their expertise work for you. #localmatters

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